2024. N 23

Labor and Organization Sociology

The Life Story of Budimir Tukumtsev, Told by Himself. Essays on the History of the First Samara Sociological Laboratory

В очерках описаны основные этапы становления и развития первой в г. Куйбышеве (ныне Самаре) социологической вузовской лаборатории. Особое внимание уделено тому, как удалось в условиях острого дефицита социологической информации, полного отсутствия подготовки соответствующих специалистов в учебных заведениях создать высокопрофессиональный научно-исследовательский коллектив. Сотрудники лаборатории не только оказали определенное влияние на развитие социологических центров в Среднем и Нижнем Поволжье, но и создали условия для открытия социологического факультета в Самарском университете.


Samara School of Labor Sociology: History and Modernity

The article discusses the main milestones in the development of the Samara school of labor sociology. The role of V. A. Yadov and the Leningrad School of Labor Sociology in the formation of the theoretical and methodological orientation of Samara research were highlighted. The leading role of B. G. Tukumtsev, who was the head of the Samara Sociological Laboratory and the Research Institute of Social Technologies of Samara University in the formation of the Samara School of labor Sociology, was emphasized. The specifics of the interpretation of the subject of labor sociology have been considered, as well as the main theoretical concepts developed and tested within the framework of long-term monitoring studies: “social and labor sphere”, “labor relations”, “social well-being”, “social tension in the organization”, “involvement in the organization”. The main directions of modern research, the existence of a succession of generations and the prospects for further development of the Samara school of labor sociology are shown.


Money Out of Nothing: Online Courses for Achieving Success as Credence Goods

This paper analyses the phenomenon of money success courses as credence goods. The popularity of these info-products coexists with the lack of criteria for assessing their effectiveness, which actualises the issue of trust formation to such goods. Based on the analysis of 21 interviews, we described the social mechanism of formation of trust before, during and after taking courses on achieving monetary success. The analysis revealed the main motivations for participating in online money success courses, the reasons for choosing a particular online course, and explored the role of the social environment, course sellers, participant community and feedback in trust formation. The structure of the interaction between participants and sellers was also considered. Finally, the determination of participants’ performances was revealed. It is concluded that there is a complex interconnection of factors influencing trust formation at each of the stages.


Education as a Key Factor of Demand in the Russian Labor Market

The level of education is the most important factor in the formation of human capital. The importance of education in modern Russia is evidenced by the differentiation of wages in different educational groups. In the structure of the employed over the last decade there has been an increase in the share of workers with higher education. In the current conditions, the role of additional education is becoming more and more noticeable. This article provides an assessment of existing patterns in the level of education of respondents based on microdata from comprehensive monitoring of living conditions of the population. Hypotheses were tested about the relationship between educational level and employment (or occupation), as well as the influence of place of residence (urban / rural).


Those in-Demand Analysts — Who are They?

As we move towards a digital society, the term ’analytics’ is becoming extremely popular and frequently used. The pool of people whose work is dominated by analytical skills is also widening. Scientists, especially philosophers, have “sounded the alarm”, claiming, as it seems to us, to be the only bearers of these qualities. The purpose of this publication is to systematical approaches to the definition of the concept, in particular, by identifying three areas of work and labor activity with different levels of demand for mental and analytical skills, as well as by comparing approaches to the definition in Russian and foreign science. The first area — professions for which analytics is the main content of labor, or rather activity: scientists, intelligence officers, diplomats. The second is professions where analytics is one of the competences (important or secondary). Let’s give credit to researchers-practitioners, they have decomposed competences into their constituent parts (actions, skills and knowledge) in a detailed and systematic way on the example of business analysts. The article analyses two Orders of the Ministry of Labor (1998 and 2018) that reflected the systemic approach. The third area is the sphere of public (and not only) life, where analytical skills are also in demand. Somewhat aside is the approach expressed in the foreign literature, we would like to present it as well. The authors conclude by posing a broader question: whether analytical skills (through training) need to be spread, making people more rational in their personal lives in general and competent citizens in particular.


Prospects for the Development of Social Management Mechanisms in Chinese Enterprises in the Era of Digitalization

The article examines the prospects for the introduction of digital innovative technologies and their impact on the further development of social management mechanisms using the example of Chinese enterprises. Among the most important areas of development are the participation of employees in the decision-making process, the creation of a favorable working environment and the development of corporate culture.



Scientific Life